Scand J Urol. 2018 Nov 1:1-7. doi: 10.1080/21681805.2018.1505945. [Epub ahead of print]
Sclerosis as a predictive factor for failure after bulbar urethroplasty: a prospective single-centre study.
1. a Department of Urology , Institute of Clinical Sciences at Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital , Gothenburg , Sweden.
2. b Department of Pathology , Institute of Clinical Sciences at Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital , Gothenburg , Sweden.
The aim of this study was to assess whether sclerosis in histology following bulbar urethroplasty is a predictive factor for failure of surgery.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Resected stricture specimens from 45 patients undergoing open urethroplasty with excision and anastomosis were collected prospectively during 2011-2014. Histopathological characteristics, including fibrosis (grade I-III), inflammation and sclerosis, were evaluated using different routine staining. These specimens were compared to normal urethral resection specimens from patients undergoing sex-correction surgery. The uropathologist who conducted the analyses was blinded to the study design.
The outcomes of the histological classifications were as follows: 19 patients had grade I fibrosis, of whom three had failures; 13 patients had grade II fibrosis, without any failures; and the most severe fibrosis, grade III, including sclerosis, was found in 13 patients (11 with sclerosis), with failure in eight. Sclerosis was a significant risk factor for restricture when comparing patients with sclerosis and those without sclerosis, and likewise when adjusting for age, inflammation and stricture length.
Histological findings of sclerosis in the resected urethral stricture specimen indicate a significantly higher risk for restricture after urethroplasty surgery.