Lingual mucosal graft two-stage Bracka technique for redo hypospadias repair
AhmedSakr, EhabElkady. MohamedAbdalla. AmrFawzi. MostafaKamel.
To report our initial experience in redo hypospadias repair with a lingual mucosal graft (LMG) using a two-stage Bracka technique.
Patients and methods
This study was prospectively conducted and included 26 patients with hypospadias with failed previous repairs. All the patients had a LMG using a two-stage Bracka technique. In the first stage, the harvested LMG, from the ventro-lateral surface of the tongue, was implanted in a well-prepared vascularised bed in the ventral aspect of the penis. After 6 months, tubularisation of the well-taken graft was completed. Tunica vaginalis or a dartos flap was used as second-layer coverage of the neourethra. Success was defined as acceptable aesthetic and functional outcomes without any additional surgical interventions.
The mean (SD) patient age was 5.15 (1.6) years. The mean (SD) LMG length was 3.82 (0.9) cm and the width was 1.5 (0.5) cm. The mean (SD) number of previous repairs was 2.76 (1.1). The mean (SD) follow-up was 12 (2) months. Donor-site complications included: pain in all patients, with a pain score of >3 on the visual analogue pain scale (0–10) in 10 (38%); and speech problems in 19 (73%). First-stage complications were graft loss (n = 2) and contracture (n = 1). The second stage was completed in 23 patients resulting in the following significant complications: meatal stenosis plus fistula (n = 2), breakdown (n = 1). Successful hypospadias repair was achieved in 77% (20/26) of the patients.
Lingual mucosa is a reliable and versatile graft material in the armamentarium of two-stage Bracka hypospadias repair with the merits of easy harvesting and minor donor-site complications.