Int Braz J Urol. 2015 Jan-Feb;41(1):91-8; discussion 99-100. doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2015.01.13.
Perineostomy: the last oportunity.
Lopez JC1, Gomez EG1, Carrillo AA1, Castineira RC1, Tapia MJ1.
To review the technique and outcome of perineal urethrostomy or urethral perineostomy and to identify factors related to the procedure failure.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
We studied 17 patients who underwent perineal urethrostomy between 2009-2013 in a single hospital. Success was defined as no need for additional surgical treatment or urethral dilatation. We reviewed the clinical data related to age, weight, previous urethral surgery, diabetes, hypertension, ischemic cardiopathy, lichen sclerosus and other causes and studied their association with the procedure failure (univariate analysis). We completed the analysis with a multivariate test based on binary regression.
The average follow-up was 39.41 months. From all the causes, we found Lichen Sclerosus in 35 %, idiopathic etiology in 29 % and prior hypospadia repair in 18 %. Postoperative failure occurred in 3 patients, with a final success of 82.4 %. The binary regression model showed as independent risk factors ischemic cardiopathy (OR: 2.34), and the presence of Lichen Sclerosis (OR: 3.21).
The success rate with the perineal urethrostomy technique shows it to be a valid option above all when we preserve the urethral blood supply and plate. Lichen sclerosus and ischemic vascular problems are risk factors to re-stenosis.