Hipospadia fracasada, que hacer?
Int Urol Nephrol. 2018 Oct;50(10):1795-1800. doi: 10.1007/s11255-018-1962-2. Epub 2018 Aug 18.
Management of failed hypospadias: choosing the right method and achieving optimal results.
Wu M1, Chen F2,3, Xie H1, Lv Y1, Huang Y1, Liu Y4, Ye W4.
Because of the complexity of the abnormalities and limited options for reconstruction of failed hypospadias, creating a neourethra presents a challenge to surgeons. We reviewed our experiences with staged urethroplasty strategies to repair the penis of failed hypospadias.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
We retrospectively reviewed 56 consecutives patients following multiple unsuccessful hypospadias repairs from 2010 to 2016. Patients were divided into the following two groups based on their penile conditions and urethroplasty procedures: staged buccal mucosa graft Bracka urethroplasty (group1) and two-stage urethroplasty with additional buccal mucosa graft augmentation of the dorsal urethral plate (group2).
Median follow-ups were 26.5 months (12-59 months) and 28.6 months (14-59 months) in the group 1 and group 2. After the second stage, three patients (11.1%) in group 1 and two patients (6.89%) in group 2 did not have a meatal opening at the top of the glans. Three patients (11.1%) in group 1 and 4 patients (13.79%) in group 2 had urethrocutaneous fistulas. One patient (3.70%) in group 1 and no patients in group 2 had meatal stenosis. Two patients (6.89%) in group 2 and no patients in group 1 had urethral strictures; all patients with strictures were cured using dilations, so follow-up surgeries were not required. No patients in either group had signs of diverticulum or residual chordee. Three patients (11.1%) in group 1 and 4 patients (13.79%) in group 2 needed reoperations.
Failed hypospadias repairs were often due to the underestimation of the penile conditions at the prior surgery. The results indicated that two-staged strategies were preferred for treating complex situations during the intermediate period of our study. Staged buccal mucosa graft Bracka urethroplasty and two-stage urethroplasty with additional buccal mucosa graft augmentation of the dorsal urethral plate severed as reliable approaches in complex hypospadias cases and could improve the overall success rate.